Supply chain compromise
On Monday, Sept 18 2017, security researchers reported that some versions of the installer for the popular free computer utility program CCleaner had been altered to include a backdoor, which was silently run when the installer was launched. The specific versions were identified as CCleaner version 5.33.6162 and CCleaner Cloud version 1.07.3191.
The affected installers were available for download from the legitimate CCleaner download servers. According to reports, they had been available since early August 2017. The installers were signed by a valid digital signature from Piriform, the company that created the software.
News reports have noted that the unauthorized insertion must have taken place before the signing during the software development or distribution process, a type of attack also known as a 'supply chain compromise'.
For more information about the incident:
The backdoor's payload
When the compromised installer is run, the bundled backdoor code is launched as well and collects information from the system, including:
- Computer name
- List of installed software
- List of running processes
- MAC addresses of the first 3 network adapters
The harvested information is encrypted and sent to an external IP address. The backdoor also reportedly has the capability to download an additional payload from this server.
At the time of writing, there have been no reports of any secondary payload being observed.
If the first server contacted is unreachable, the backdoor also includes a Domain Name Generator (DGA) that it can use to redirect to another command and control (C&C;) server. According to reports, these alternative servers are not under the attackers control.