Net-Worm:W32/Koobface.CY

Classification

Malware

Net-Worm

W32

Net-Worm:W32/Koobface.CY, TR/Dldr.Agent.atbf.1 (Avira), W32/Koobfa-Gen (Sophos), Worm:Win32/Koobface.gen!A (Microsoft), W32/Koobface.worm (McAfee), W32.Koobface.B (Symantec)

Summary

This malware is installed via a fake YouTube webpage (where it is posing as a Flash player update) displayed by Net-Worm:W32/Koobface.CZ.The purpose of this malware is to post comments with HTML links in various online networking locations in order to spread itself.

Removal

Automatic action

Based on the settings of your F-Secure security product, it will either move the file to the quarantine where it cannot spread or cause harm, or remove it.

Suspect a file is incorrectly detected (a False Positive)?

A False Positive is when a file is incorrectly detected as harmful, usually because its code or behavior resembles known harmful programs. A False Positive will usually be fixed in a subsequent database update without any action needed on your part. If you wish, you may also:

  • Check for the latest database updates

    First check if your F-Secure security program is using the latest detection database updates, then try scanning the file again.

  • Submit a sample

    After checking, if you still believe the file is incorrectly detected, you can submit a sample of it for re-analysis.

    NOTE If the file was moved to quarantine, you need to collect the file from quarantine before you can submit it.

  • Exclude a file from further scanning

    If you are certain that the file is safe and want to continue using it, you can exclude it from further scanning by the F-Secure security product.

    Note You need administrative rights to change the settings.

Find out more

Knowledge Base

Find the latest advice in our Community Knowledge Base.

User Guide

See the user guide for your product on the Help Center.

Contact Support

Chat with or call an expert for help.

Submit a sample

Submit a file or URL for further analysis.

Technical Details

The following sites are referenced in the body of Koobface.CY:

  • bebo.com
  • blackplanet.com
  • facebook.com
  • friendster.com
  • myspace.com
  • myyearbook.com

The routines in Koobface.CY directly target Facebook and the other sites are not used by this variant.

Execution

Upon execution, the malware will create these files:

  • %windir%\bolivar28.exe- Copy of the malware
  • %windir%\fmark2.dat- Malware's data file
  • c:\1.reg- Contains a routine to add entries to the registry
  • c:\64234543.bat- Cleanup routine

It will also display this fake error message:

The malware will then add this entry to the registry so that it will be able to insert an HTML page into another HTML page; this ability can be used to insert comments in user pages inside networking sites.

  • HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\Mime\Database\Content Type\application/xhtml+xml"CLSID"="{25336920-03F9-11cf-8FD0-00AA00686F13}""Extension"=".xml""Encoding"=hex:08,00,00,00

Propagation

Once installed, Koobface.CY will send an HTTP POST message to this location in order to retrieve the information that it will use as comments:

  • https://y171108.com/[...]/first.php

The site also contains the malware download location. The information and download location are combined to form the messages the worm will post to all of the infected user's contacts on the social interaction site.In addition, Koobface.CY contains a routine to connect to these locations:

  • https://y171108.com/[...]/logs.php
  • https://y171108.com/[...]/gen.php

The gen.php location also contains information that can be posted as comments on different websites.

Packer

Koobface.CY is packed with UPX.