Threat Description

Net-Worm: W32/Koobface.CZ

Details

Category: Malware
Type: Net-Worm
Platform: W32
Aliases: Net-Worm:W32/Koobface.CZ, W32/Koobface.worm (McAfee)

Summary


This worm attempts to spread via messages or comments containing malicious links, which are posted on social networking websites.



Removal


Automatic action

Once detected, the F-Secure security product will automatically disinfect the suspect file by either deleting it or renaming it.

More scanning & removal options

More information on scanning or removal options is available in the documentation for your F-Secure security product on the Downloads section of our Home - Global site.

You may also refer to the Knowledge Base on the F-Secure Community site for more information.

Contact Support

For further assistance, F-Secure customers can request support online via the Request support or the Chat forms on our Home - Global site.



Technical Details


Websites referenced in the worm's code are:

  • bebo.com
  • blackplanet.com
  • facebook.com
  • friendster.com
  • myspace.com
  • myyearbook.com

Though the Koobface family is most commonly associated with Facebook and MySpace, the routines in this particular Koobface variant target Bebo.com and are not specifically intended for the other websites.

Infection

The worm spreads by posting a message containing a link to a malicious website on all of an infected user's site contacts. The messages or comments posted vary and may appear as:

  • There is always someone watching your ass!
  • Are you sure this is your first acting experience?
  • is it u there?

The malicious links accompanying the message also vary and may appear as:

  • http://findamything.com/go/be.php?4chd849=[...]e
  • http://finditand.com/go/be.php?0e9c60ch=[...]e
  • http://findit12.com/go/be.php?e7883ch7=[...]e

If a message recipient clicks on the link, they are redirected to:

  • http://www.aibcvienna.org/[...]tube/be.07.exe

This malicious website masquerades as a YouTube webpage. The user is informed that their "Flash Player is outdated" and they are prompted to "download an update". The link used for the supposed update download may appear as:

  • http://94.249.92.28:7777/[...]/?ch=&ea=
  • http://94.249.92.28:7777/[...]/flash_update.exe

Clicking the link will download and install malware onto the system. The downloaded malware is detected as Net-Worm:W32/Koobface.CY.

Execution

Upon execution, the downloaded malware will create these files:

  • %windir%\che07.exe - Copy of the malware file
  • %windir%\bemark2.dat - Malware's data file
  • c:\1.reg - Contains a routine to add entries to the registry
  • c:\64234543.bat - The malware's cleanup routine

The malware will then add an entry to the registry so that it will be capable of inserting an HTML page into another HTML page, which can be useful when inserting comments in user pages inside networking sites.

  • HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\Mime\Database\Content Type\application/xhtml+xml "CLSID"="{25336920-03F9-11cf-8FD0-00AA00686F13}" "Extension"=".xml" "Encoding"=hex:08,00,00,00

It will also create a registry key

  • HKCU\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\Advanced Hidden =

To create the message or comment it needs to propagate, the worm connects to a website that contains the necessary message contents and the malicious URL. It is able to connect to more than one website to do so. The downloaded text strings and malicious links are combined to form the messages that the worm posts to all of the infected user's contacts on the social interaction site. The malware also contains a routine to download and install files into the system, though the file in question was unavailable at the time of analysis.

Packer

The worm is packed by the UPX packer.

Process Changes

Creates these mutexes:

  • 44455345g43545
Network Connections

Attempts to connect with HTTP to:

  • http://y171108.com/[...]/first.php
  • http://y171108.com/[...]/logs.php
  • http://y171108.com/[...]/gen.php





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