Worm:W32/Netsky

Threat description

Details

CATEGORYMalware
TYPEWorm

Summary

Worm:W32/Netsky refers to a large family of worms which spread in infectious files attached to fake e-mail messages. Netsky was originally named Moodoom, or I-Worm.Moodoom.

Removal

Automatic action

Once detected, the F-Secure security product will automatically disinfect the suspect file by either deleting it or renaming it.

More scanning & removal options

More information on the scanning and removal options available in your F-Secure product can be found in the Help Center.

You may also refer to the Knowledge Base on the F-Secure Community site for further assistance.

Eliminating a Local Network Outbreak

If the infection is in a local network, please follow the instructions on this webpage:

Technical Details

The details below describe the Netsky.A variant; this variant was first found on 16th of February 2004.

Netsky.A was initially sent out in numerous seed e-mails. The worm spreads itself inside a ZIP archive file attached to e-mail messages or as an executable attachment.

Netsky.A also copies itself to the shared folders of all available drives, allowing it to spread in peer-to-peer (P2P) and local networks.

Installation

When the worm's file is run, it first shows a fake error message box:

Error

The file could not be opened!

Then the worm copies itself to Windows directory with SERVICES.EXE name and creates a startup key for this file in System Registry:

  • [HKLM\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run] "service" = "%windir%\services.exe -serv"

where %windir% represents Windows directory

At the same time the worm also attempts to delete the following key values:

  • [HKLM\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run] "Taskmon" "Explorer" "system." "KasperskyAv"
  • [HKCU\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run] "Taskmon" "Explorer"
  • [HKLM\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunServices] "system."
  • [HKCR\CLSID\{E6FB5E20-DE35-11CF-9C87-00AA005127ED}\InProcServer32]
Propagation (Local)

If the worm finds a folder with the 'sharing' or 'share' name, it copies itself to that folder with the following names:

  • winxp_crack.exe
  • dolly_buster.jpg.pif
  • strippoker.exe
  • photoshop 9 crack.exe
  • matrix.scr
  • porno.scr
  • angels.pif
  • hardcore porn.jpg.exe
  • office_crack.exe
  • serial.txt.exe
  • cool screensaver.scr
  • eminem - lick my pussy.mp3.pif
  • nero.7.exe
  • virii.scr
  • e-book.archive.doc.exe
  • max payne 2.crack.exe
  • how to hack.doc.exe
  • programming basics.doc.exe
  • e.book.doc.exe
  • win longhorn.doc.exe
  • dictionary.doc.exe
  • rfc compilation.doc.exe
  • sex sex sex sex.doc.exe
  • doom2.doc.pif
Propagation (E-mail)

When Internet connection is available, the worm starts to spread itself. It creates ZIP archives with its file in Windows directory. The names of these ZIP archives are the same as the names of worm's files inside:

  • prod_info_04155.bat
  • prod_info_54234.scr
  • prod_info_42313.pif
  • prod_info_33462.cmd
  • prod_info_49541.exe
  • prod_info_04650.bat
  • prod_info_54739.scr
  • prod_info_42818.pif
  • prod_info_33967.cmd
  • prod_info_49146.exe
  • prod_info_54235.scr
  • prod_info_42314.pif
  • prod_info_54433.doc.exe
  • prod_info_47532.doc.scr
  • prod_info_43631.doc.exe
  • prod_info_56780.doc.exe
  • prod_info_43859.htm.scr
  • prod_info_87968.htm.scr
  • prod_info_34157.htm.exe
  • prod_info_77256.txt.scr
  • prod_info_33325.txt.exe
  • prod_info_56474.txt.exe
  • prod_info_33543.rtf.scr
  • prod_info_65642.rtf.scr
  • prod_info_55761.rtf.exe

The worm spreads itself in e-mails as a ZIP attachment or as an attachment with one of the above shown names. The infected e-mails sent by the worm look like :

From:
EBay Auctions
or
Yahoo Auctions
or
Amazon automail
or
MSN Auctions
or
QXL Auctions
or
Ebay Auctions
Subject:
Auction successful!
Body:
#----------------- message was sent by automail agent ------------------#
Congratulations!
You were successful in the auction.
 Auction ID [random number] Product ID [random number] A detailed description about the product and the bill are attached to this mail.
 Please contact the seller immediately
Thank you!

The worm's file is attached to the infected e-mail inside a ZIP archive or as an normal binary file. The following ZIP attachent names are used by the worm:

  • prod_info_04155.zip
  • prod_info_54234.zip
  • prod_info_42313.zip
  • prod_info_33462.zip
  • prod_info_49541.zip
  • prod_info_04650.zip
  • prod_info_54739.zip
  • prod_info_42818.zip
  • prod_info_33967.zip
  • prod_info_49146.zip
  • prod_info_54235.zip
  • prod_info_42314.zip
  • prod_info_54433.zip
  • prod_info_47532.zip
  • prod_info_43631.zip
  • prod_info_56780.zip
  • prod_info_43859.zip
  • prod_info_87968.zip
  • prod_info_34157.zip
  • prod_info_77256.zip
  • prod_info_33325.zip
  • prod_info_56474.zip
  • prod_info_33543.zip
  • prod_info_65642.zip
  • prod_info_55761.zip

The worm sends the prepared infectious e-mails to e-mail addresses sourced from the computer. To find these targets, the worm scans files with the following extensions on all available drives (c:-z:) except CD-ROM drives:

  • .msg
  • .oft
  • .sht
  • .dbx
  • .tbb
  • .adb
  • .doc
  • .wab
  • .asp
  • .uin
  • .rtf
  • .vbs
  • .html
  • .htm
  • .pl
  • .php
  • .txt
  • .eml

A recipient has to unpack the worm's attachment from a ZIP archive and run it to get infected.

Description Created: 2010-05-18 14:59:38.0

Description Last Modified: 2010-05-18 10:06:08.0

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