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Rootkit:Boot/Mebroot

Classification

Category: Malware

Type: Rootkit

Platform: Boot

Aliases: Trojan:Boot/mebroot, Trojan:Boot/mebroot.b

Summary


Rootkit:Boot/Mebroot is a sophisticated program capable of replacing and controlling the infected system's Master Boot Record (MBR), then downloading and installing additional malware onto the infected system.

Removal


Windows: MBR Repair

Windows includes tools to replace an infected MBR with a copy of the original, clean MBR. To do so:

  • Boot into the Recovery Console
  • Depending on the operating system in question, run the appropriate command on all infected drives:
    • On Windows XP, run: fixmbr
    • On Windows 7, run: bootrec

Note: For further information on use of the 'fixmbr' command, please refer to the relevant Microsoft documentation.

For information on disinfecting and repairing the MBR, please see Master Boot Record (MBR) Repair. For more general information on disinfection, please see Removal Instructions.

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Technical Details


The MBR is the first physical sector of a computer system's hard drive and contains the first code loaded and executed from the drive during the boot process. A malicious program capable of subverting this critical sector is therefore able to control the entire system, while masking its own presence from the user.

The technical features of the Mebroot rootkit are discussed in further detail in the following Labs Weblog posts:

Distribution

Mebroot is known to be distributed either by a trojan-downloader program found on malicious websites, or via an exploit.

Activity

Once installed, Mebroot silently downloads further programs onto the infected system; the downloaded malware appear to target online banking and other financial systems.