Rogue:OSX/FakeMacDef.A

Classification

Malware

Rogue

W32

Rogue:OSX/MacDefender.A, Rogue:OSX/FakeMacDef.A, Trojan-Downloader:OSX/FakeMacDef.A

Summary

Dishonest antivirus software which tricks users into buying or installing it, usually by infecting a user's computer, or by pretending the computer is infected.

Manual removal

  1. Open the Activity Monitor:Applications > Utilities > Activity Monitor
  2. In the Activity Monitor, select the MacDefender application, then click the "Quit Process" button:
  3. Open Accounts from "System Preferences":Applications > System Preferences > Accounts
  4. On the "Login Items" tab, select the MacDefender application, then click the minus (-) button:
  5. Open Applications, then drag the MacDefender application to the Trash:
  6. Open Trash in Finder, then select the action "Empty Trash":

Suspect a file is incorrectly detected (a False Positive)?

A False Positive is when a file is incorrectly detected as harmful, usually because its code or behavior resembles known harmful programs. A False Positive will usually be fixed in a subsequent database update without any action needed on your part. If you wish, you may also:

  • Check for the latest database updates

    First check if your F-Secure security program is using the latest detection database updates, then try scanning the file again.

  • Submit a sample

    After checking, if you still believe the file is incorrectly detected, you can submit a sample of it for re-analysis.

    NOTE If the file was moved to quarantine, you need to collect the file from quarantine before you can submit it.

  • Exclude a file from further scanning

    If you are certain that the file is safe and want to continue using it, you can exclude it from further scanning by the F-Secure security product.

    Note You need administrative rights to change the settings.

For more Support

Knowledge Base

Find the latest advice in our Community Knowledge Base.

User Guide

See the user guide for your product on the Help Center.

Contact Support

Chat with or call an expert for help.

Submit a sample

Submit a file or URL for further analysis.

Technical Details

MacDefender may also be called MacSecurity, MacProtector, MacGuard or MacShield.

Distribution

This rogue is being distributed via SEO-poisoned websites.

The user is then asked to download the installation package for a program (i.e., the rogue program) that will 'fix' the detected infection.

Installation

The rogue is installed in the Applications directory, as per normal Mac applications. It also adds its own menulet to the desktop menu bar.

Image 1: application icon used by the Mac Defender rogue

The rogue is also added to the Login Items for the user, so that it will automatically launch every time the user logs in.

Image 2: MacDefender added to Login Items during instsallation

Payload

The rogueware poses as a legitimate virus scanner, reporting bogus infections and occassionally opening pornographic websites to trick users into believing an infection is present on the computer.

Image 3: Dialog displayed when MacDefender is run on a (clean) test machine

Image 4: Notifications displayed during a 'scan'. Note the menulet in the menu bar

This maybe be a further tactic to push the user into paying money for the bogus application, or to steal the user's credit card information.

More

For more information about MacDefender, see the related Labs Weblog post: