Threat Description

Klez.E

Details

Category: Malware
Platform: W32
Aliases: Klez.E, I-Worm.Klez.E, Stemdil, W95/Klez.E@mm

Summary


Klez.E will destroy data on 6th of July by overwriting all files on local and network drives with random data.

The description of the original Klez variant can be found here:

https://europe.f-secure.com/v-descs/klez.shtml



Removal


Disinfection of Klez.E worm can be performed with the special tool that is available on our ftp site:

ftp://ftp.europe.f-secure.com/anti-virus/tools/kleztool.zip

Please read the KLEZTOOL.TXT file included in the ZIP archive before using the tool.

Removal help with Video

We have produced an online video showing step-by-step how to get rid of the Klez worm.

View the video (Real) from here:

https://www.f-secure.com/virus-info/video/klez.ram

You can download RealPlayer from here:

https://www.real.com/player/index.html?lang=en

For feedback on the video or further questions, contact support@f-secure.com



Technical Details


Klez.E is a new variant of Klez worm that was first discovered on 17th of January 2002. The worm is "version 2.0" according to its author's classification and has several new features comparing to the older variants. The worm still has bugs that remained from previous versions.

The differences from the original version are as follows:

1. The worm installs itself to Windows System directory as WINKxxxx.EXE file. The 'xxxx' can be 2-3 random letters. The worm creates an autostarting key for its file in System Registry.

2. The worm now has file infection capabilities. When infecting an EXE file, the worm overwrites it and creates a backup file with the same name as the infected file, but with a random extension with hidden, system and read-only attributes. When the infected file is run, the worm extracts the original program from a backup file with its original name plus 'MP8' and runs it. After the program terminates, the worm deletes it. The worm doesn't infect files with the following names:

 EXPLORER  CMMGR  MSIMN  ICWCONN  WINZIP    

This type of infection is called 'companion infection'.

3. The worm has network spreading capabilities. The worm enumerates network resources and copies itself to remote drives twice - once as an executable file with single or double extension, and second time as a RAR archive that can have single or double extension as well. The RAR archive contains the worm's executable file with one of the following names:

 setup  install  demo  snoopy  picacu  kitty  play  rock

The first extension of the RAR archive or of the worm's executable can be:

 .txt  .htm  .html  .wab  .doc  .xls  .jpg  .cpp  .c  .pas  .mpg  .mpeg  .bak  .mp3

The second or the only extension of the worm's executable file can be:

 .exe  .scr  .pif  .bat    

The dropped RAR archive and worm's executable file name is either random or belongs to a file, that a worm found on a host system. So it can be for example QQ.PAS.EXE , KERNEL.MP3.PIF , DOCUMENT.SCR and so on.

4. The worm kills tasks of anti-virus and security software as well as tasks of several other worms - Nimda, Sircam, Funlove and CodeRed. The worm opens processes and looks for the specific text strings there. If a specific text string is found in a process, the worm terminates this process. The strings the worm looks for are:

 Sircam  Nimda  CodeRed  WQKMM3878  GRIEF3878  Fun Loving Criminal  Norton  Mcafee  Antivir  Avconsol  F-STOPW  F-Secure  Sophos  virus  AVP Monitor  AVP Updates  InoculateIT  PC-cillin  Symantec  Trend Micro  F-PROT  NOD32    

Also the worm terminates processes with the following names:

  _AVP32  _AVPCC  NOD32  NPSSVC  NRESQ32  NSCHED32  NSCHEDNT   NSPLUGIN  NAV NAVAPSVC  NAVAPW32  NAVLU32  NAVRUNR  NAVW32   _AVPM  ALERTSVC  AMON  AVP32  AVPCC  AVPM  N32SCANW  NAVWNT   ANTIVIR  AVPUPD  AVGCTRL  AVWIN95 SCAN32  VSHWIN32  F-STOPW   F-PROT95  ACKWIN32  VETTRAY  VET95  SWEEP95  PCCWIN98  IOMON98   AVPTC  AVE32  AVCONSOL  FP-WIN  DVP95  F-AGNT95  CLAW95  NVC95   SCAN  VIRUS  LOCKDOWN2000  Norton  Mcafee  Antivir  TASKMGR      

5. The worm removes autostarting Registry keys of security and anti-virus software thus disabling this software or parts of it completely on next Windows startup.

6. The worm affects anti-virus checksum files and ingegrity checker databases with the following names:

 ANTI-VIR.DAT  CHKLIST.DAT  CHKLIST.MS  CHKLIST.CPS  CHKLIST.TAV  IVB.NTZ  SMARTCHK.MS  SMARTCHK.CPS  AVGQT.DAT  AGUARD.DAT    

7. The worm drops a new version of Elkern virus ("version 1.1" according to author's classification) that is also known as Win32.Klez.b. Please see Elkern description for more info, the link to it is on the top of this page.

8. The worm can corrupt binary executables and data files.

9. The worm contains the following text strings that are never displayed:

 Win32 Klez V2.0 & Win32 Elkern V1.1,(There nick name is Twin Virus*^__^*)  Copyright,made in Asia,announcement:  1.I will try my best to protect the user from some vicious    virus,Funlove,Sircam,Nimda,CodeRed and even include W32.Klez 1.X.  2.Well paid jobs are wanted  3.Poor life should be unblessed  4.Don't accuse me.Please accuse the unfair sh*t world    

10. The worm has a complex payload routine. It works as a separate thread and constantly checks system date. If the month number is odd (1, 3, 5, etc.) and the date is equal to 6 then the worm proceeds further. It then checks if the month number is equal to 7 (July) or 1 (January) and sets a special flag if it is. Then the main payload routine is activated. It looks for all files on all local and network drives. If the month is not 1 or 7, the routine only affects files with the following extensions:

 txt  htm  html  wab  doc  xls  jpg  cpp  c  pas  mpg  mpeg  bak  mp3    

Otherwise all files are affected. The worm overwrites found files with random data thus destroying their content.

11. E-mail messages sent by Klez.e are composed according to really complex rules that makes possible of creating a large number of different messages. It can create sentences from different parts like:

 'The attachment is a very dangerous virus that spread trough e-mail.'  'The file is a special dangerous virus that can infect on Win98/Me/2000/XP.'    

Just like the other variants of Klez this one uses the Incorrect MIME Header (MS01-020) vulnerabilty to send attachments that are automatically executed when the message is opened. See the link to Microsoft security advisory above.

Recipients' e-mail addresses are collected from the Windows Address Book as well as from ICQ user databases. The worm uses it's own SMTP routines so it can send e-mail without an e-mail client.

Important Note: The e-mails sent by Klez.E worm often have faked sender's address. The worm randomly picks sender's address from web pages, ICQ databases or Windows Address Books. This means that if you get Klez.E worm in e-mail, it's quite likely that it was NOT sent to you by the person listed in the 'From' field of e-mail message (sender's address).

The worm can send itself in messages with one the following subjects:

	how are you 	let's be friends 	darling 	don't drink too much 	your password 	honey 	some questions 	please try again 	welcome to my hometown 	the Garden of Eden 	introduction on ADSL 	meeting notice 	questionnaire 	congratulations 	sos! 	japanese girl VS playboy 	look,my beautiful girl friend 	eager to see you 	spice girls' vocal concert 	japanese lass' sexy pictures 	 	

Also the worm sometimes sends messages pretending to be infection removal tools from a few anti-virus companies. For example:

	Subject:  removal tools 	Body: 	 is a dangerous virus that spread through email. 	 give you the  removal tools  	For more information,please visit http://www..com  

The <av_company_name> can be 'Symantec', 'Mcafee', 'F-Secure' or 'Sophos'. The <virusname> can be 'W32.Elkern' or 'W32.Klez'. Do not run attachments from such messages!

Also the worm can pretend to be a game, it can send itself (usually as SETUP.EXE or INSTALL.EXE) with the a message:

	This is a special humour game 	This game is my first work. 	You're the first player. 	I expect you would like it. 	 	

Sometimes the virus compares current date against a preset list of 10 different holiday dates. If the date matches, the worm will send an e-mail with a subject field such as "Happy Christmas", "Have a nice Christmas" or "Have a good Christmas". There are several variations on the exact subject field.

This only happens on one day per year for each of the holidays - for Christmas, Klez only tries to send these messages on 25th of December. Explanation for getting these messages before Christmas is simply that lots of people have their computers date set wrong.

The holidays are:

 New year (1st of January)  Epiphany (6th of  January)  Candlemas (2nd of February)  Saint Valentine's Day (14th of February)  Lady Day (25th of March)  April Fools' Day (1st of April)  Assumption (15th of August)  Allhallowmas (31st of October)  All Souls'Day (2nd of November)  Christmas (25th of December)    

Here are the screenshots of Klez.E worm as it arrives in e-mail:

12. The worm corrupts a lot of system files including DLL and VXD ones that often makes a system unusable after restart. The corruption happens because the worm tries to preserve the time/date stamp of a file it tries to infect and it saves this value into EXE file header without bothering to check if it's a PE, NE or LE header. So NE and LE headers get corrupted and a file usually becomes unusable after that.



Detection


Detection of Klez.E worm is available in the updates published on 17th of January 2002.



Description Details: November 2001 - January 2003
Technical Details:F-Secure Anti-Virus Research Team


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