IM-Worm:W32/Sohanad

Classification

Malware

IM-Worm

W32

IM-Worm.Win32.Sohanad

Summary

A type of worm that spreads on vulnerable Instant Messaging (IM) networks.

Removal

Automatic action

Based on the settings of your F-Secure security product, it will either move the file to the quarantine where it cannot spread or cause harm, or remove it.

Suspect a file is incorrectly detected (a False Positive)?

A False Positive is when a file is incorrectly detected as harmful, usually because its code or behavior resembles known harmful programs. A False Positive will usually be fixed in a subsequent database update without any action needed on your part. If you wish, you may also:

  • Check for the latest database updates

    First check if your F-Secure security program is using the latest detection database updates, then try scanning the file again.

  • Submit a sample

    After checking, if you still believe the file is incorrectly detected, you can submit a sample of it for re-analysis.

    NOTE If the file was moved to quarantine, you need to collect the file from quarantine before you can submit it.

  • Exclude a file from further scanning

    If you are certain that the file is safe and want to continue using it, you can exclude it from further scanning by the F-Secure security product.

    Note You need administrative rights to change the settings.

Find out more

Knowledge Base

Find the latest advice in our Community Knowledge Base.

User Guide

See the user guide for your product on the Help Center.

Contact Support

Chat with or call an expert for help.

Submit a sample

Submit a file or URL for further analysis.

Technical Details

Variants in the IM-Worm:W32/Sohanad family are worms that spread via instant messaging software, primarily Yahoo Messenger.

Sohanad variants were first encountered in late 2006 targeting Vietnamese users of Yahoo Messenger. Not all later variants have their roots in Vietnam, but Sohanad variants are still largely written by and target Vietnamese Internet users.

Sohanad variants are written with AutoIt scripting language.

Propagation

Sohanad worms use Instant Messenger programs such as Yahoo! Messenger to propagate. When a Sohanad worm on an infected computer detects that Yahoo Messenger is running, it sends a message to the people on the victim's contacts list.

The message includes a URL that direct to a location containing a copy of the worm. Once the recipient of the message clicks on the link, he ends up downloading the worm.

The messages themselves use varying types and levels of social engineering to appear interesting to potential victims. The following are some of the English messages used by Sohanad variants:

  • oh my god , i've won a 20000 usd lottery :O http://lottery-news.info/?id=winning_list . Come to my house tonight for a party !! >:D<
  • Images shot in Iraq _ The war will never end http://thecoolpics.com/Iraqwar.jpg << :(
  • :D who is beside you in this pic http://thecoolpics.com/friendpic1.jpg so good-looking
  • Screenshot of new windows version _ Windows Vista http://thecoolpics.com/vista.jpg so cool :D

The file names are not actually part of the URL, but are just included in the messages to make them appear more legitimate.

Some variants also use other Instant Messengers to spread themselves such as AIM, Windows Live Messenger, or Windows Messenger.

Installation

Once downloaded onto the computer, the worm copies itself somewhere on the system under a name that is meant to be inconspicuous. Examples:

  • %windir%\system32\Microsoft\svhost32.exe
  • %windir%\system32\Microsoft\rvhost.exe

Note: %windir% represents the system's Windows folder.

Sohanad variants also create a registry entry that executes the worm at startup. Typically Sohanads also modify the registry to disable task manager and registry tools. Examples:

  • # HKCU\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\system DisableTaskMgr = 00000001
  • # HKCU\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\system DisableRegistryTools = 00000001

Activity

Members of the Sohanad family often try to end other processes, usually antivirus or other security software.

Other possible targets include Windows Task Manager and Registry Editor.

Some Sohanad worms are also able to change the Internet Explorer home page, download other malware, or spread as an AutoRun worm.