EliteBar is an intrusive adware that uses rootkit techniques. So far we have found no websites that drop it to users' computers, but we got several reports that EliteBar appeared on computers without users' consent.
The sample we got is named POKAPOKA63.EXE (interesting that 'poka' means 'bye' in Russian). It came together with the ETB.INI file that contains configuration settings and a few other XML and image files. When run, the main executable file extracts 2 DLLs to the same folder and activates them. These DLLs make Windows hide EliteBar's files and installation directory (in our case C:\WINDOWS\ETB). After EliteBar gets installed to a system there appears a new toolbar in Internet Explorer:
The toolbar provides customized search services through the pre-defined search engine. In the sample that we got the search engine was configured to access 'www.easysearch4you.com' website.
The 'pokapoka63.exe' file injects the 'nt_hide63.dll' into other processes unless their module name starts with any of the following strings 'protector', 'system', 'msnmgr', 'mdm', 'lsass', 'spoolsv', 'iexplore', 'idle', 'csrss', 'smss', 'svchost', 'pokapoka', 'temp', 'test' or 'vmware'.
This fact allows the user to see all hidden objects by simply renaming his/her chosen tool into any of the above and then executing it. For example, if cmd.exe is renamed into test.exe and executed, it will see the hidden installation directory.
The 'nt_hide63.dll' installs IAT (Import Address Table) hooks and maintains the launch point of the 'pokapoka63.exe'. The launch point resides in the [HKLM\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run] key with value name 'System service63'. IAT hooks for the following DLLs are installed if they exist in the process:
kernel32.dll: LoadLibraryExA LoadLibraryExW LoadLibraryW GetProcAddress
ntdll.dll: NtQuerySystemInformation NtEnumerateValueKey NtQueryKey NtEnumerateKey NtQueryDirectoryFile NtResumeThread NtVdmControl
These hooks are commonly used for hiding processes, directories and files, registry keys and values, and installing hooks into new modules.