Threat Description

Trojan-Spy:​W32/Zbot.PUA

Details

Aliases: Trojan-Spy:​W32/Zbot.PUB, Rootkit.39841, Trojan-Spy.Win32.Zbot.aovj
Category: Malware
Type: Trojan-Spy
Platform: W32

Summary



This type of trojan secretly installs spy programs and/or keylogger programs.



Removal



Automatic Disinfection

Allow F-Secure Anti-Virus to disinfect the relevant files.

For more general information on disinfection, please see Removal Instructions.



Technical Details



Trojan-Spy:W32/Zbot.PUA is notable for being specifically designed to steal SMS messages containingm obile transaction authentication number (mTANs), which are like single-use passwords sent by banks to to their account holders' mobile phones to verify online transactions.

By stealing this information, attackers raiding a online bank account are able to perform transactions they would otherwise be unable to complete without offline authorization.

The trojan-spy first uses standard social engineering tactics (either phishing or pharming) to deceive a user into giving out the username and password for their online bank accounts. The added twist for this this trojan-spy is that it also asks for the user's mobile phone details.

Based on the provided information, the trojan-spy then sends an SMS message to the user's phone, containing a link to a malicious mobile component, which we detect as Trojan:SymbOS/ZeusMitmo.A. This trojan is responsible for monitoring and stealing the SMS messages containing mTANs.

In our analysis, the mobile malware installed is a Symbian-signed file for S60 3rd Edition mobile phones. The file is named cert.sis; it may also be deceptively billed as a "Nokia Update". The mobile component has also been reported to be available in .jad files for Blackberry devices.

This trojan-spy is also discussed in the following Labs Weblog post:






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