If the worm gains access to the server, it creates a temporary file
"/tmp/.uua", which is an uuencoded worm. This file is decoded to "/tmp/.a"
and executed. The uuencoded file is removed.
At this point the worm sets up a backdoor to UDP port 2001 and starts
scanning predefined set of Class-A networks. If the worm finds a web
server, it checks if the server is running Apache, and if so, it will
attempt to infect it. While the exploit code that Scalper uses will only
infect systems running FreeBSD, these attempts will be visible in Apache
servers running on other platforms as well.
The backdoor component of the worm allows a remote control of the worm,
sending of email, uploading of files and executing of arbitary programs.
The execution of programs happens with the same user privilege as the
Apache server. The backdoor can also perform different kind of denial of
service attacks against arbitary hosts.
The worm does not modify the system configuration, and it is visible in
the system process list as a process ".a".
Scalper can be removed from the system by deleting file "/tmp/.a" and
terminating the worm process with command "killall -9 .a".
The vulnerability used by the worm is fixed in Apache server versions
1.3.26 and 2.0.39. Further information is available from:
Apache Sofware Foundation:
The worm is detected by F-Secure Anti-Virus with the update published
on June 29th, 2002:
[Analysis: Katrin Tocheva and Sami Rautiainen, F-Secure Corp.; June 29th, 2002]