Threat Description

Klez.E

Details

Aliases: Klez.E, I-Worm.Klez.E, Stemdil, W95/Klez.E@mm
Category: Malware
Type:
Platform: W32

Summary



Klez.E will destroy data on 6th of July by overwriting all files on local and network drives with random data.

The description of the original Klez variant can be found here:

http://europe.f-secure.com/v-descs/klez.shtml



Removal



Disinfection of Klez.E worm can be performed with the special tool that is available on our ftp site:

ftp://ftp.europe.f-secure.com/anti-virus/tools/kleztool.zip

Please read the KLEZTOOL.TXT file included in the ZIP archive before using the tool.

Removal help with Video

We have produced an online video showing step-by-step how to get rid of the Klez worm.

View the video (Real) from here:

http://www.f-secure.com/virus-info/video/klez.ram

You can download RealPlayer from here:

http://www.real.com/player/index.html?lang=en

For feedback on the video or further questions, contact support@f-secure.com



Technical Details



Klez.E is a new variant of Klez worm that was first discovered on 17th of January 2002. The worm is "version 2.0" according to its author's classification and has several new features comparing to the older variants. The worm still has bugs that remained from previous versions.

The differences from the original version are as follows:

1. The worm installs itself to Windows System directory as WINKxxxx.EXE file. The 'xxxx' can be 2-3 random letters. The worm creates an autostarting key for its file in System Registry.

2. The worm now has file infection capabilities. When infecting an EXE file, the worm overwrites it and creates a backup file with the same name as the infected file, but with a random extension with hidden, system and read-only attributes. When the infected file is run, the worm extracts the original program from a backup file with its original name plus 'MP8' and runs it. After the program terminates, the worm deletes it. The worm doesn't infect files with the following names:

 EXPLORER
 CMMGR
 MSIMN
 ICWCONN
 WINZIP
 
 

This type of infection is called 'companion infection'.

3. The worm has network spreading capabilities. The worm enumerates network resources and copies itself to remote drives twice - once as an executable file with single or double extension, and second time as a RAR archive that can have single or double extension as well. The RAR archive contains the worm's executable file with one of the following names:

 setup
 install
 demo
 snoopy
 picacu
 kitty
 play
 rock

The first extension of the RAR archive or of the worm's executable can be:

 .txt
 .htm
 .html
 .wab
 .doc
 .xls
 .jpg
 .cpp
 .c
 .pas
 .mpg
 .mpeg
 .bak
 .mp3

The second or the only extension of the worm's executable file can be:

 .exe
 .scr
 .pif
 .bat
 
 

The dropped RAR archive and worm's executable file name is either random or belongs to a file, that a worm found on a host system. So it can be for example QQ.PAS.EXE , KERNEL.MP3.PIF , DOCUMENT.SCR and so on.

4. The worm kills tasks of anti-virus and security software as well as tasks of several other worms - Nimda, Sircam, Funlove and CodeRed. The worm opens processes and looks for the specific text strings there. If a specific text string is found in a process, the worm terminates this process. The strings the worm looks for are:

 Sircam
 Nimda
 CodeRed
 WQKMM3878
 GRIEF3878
 Fun Loving Criminal
 Norton
 Mcafee
 Antivir
 Avconsol
 F-STOPW
 F-Secure
 Sophos
 virus
 AVP Monitor
 AVP Updates
 InoculateIT
 PC-cillin
 Symantec
 Trend Micro
 F-PROT
 NOD32
 
 

Also the worm terminates processes with the following names:

  _AVP32  _AVPCC  NOD32  NPSSVC  NRESQ32  NSCHED32  NSCHEDNT
  NSPLUGIN  NAV NAVAPSVC  NAVAPW32  NAVLU32  NAVRUNR  NAVW32
  _AVPM  ALERTSVC  AMON  AVP32  AVPCC  AVPM  N32SCANW  NAVWNT
  ANTIVIR  AVPUPD  AVGCTRL  AVWIN95 SCAN32  VSHWIN32  F-STOPW
  F-PROT95  ACKWIN32  VETTRAY  VET95  SWEEP95  PCCWIN98  IOMON98
  AVPTC  AVE32  AVCONSOL  FP-WIN  DVP95  F-AGNT95  CLAW95  NVC95
  SCAN  VIRUS  LOCKDOWN2000  Norton  Mcafee  Antivir  TASKMGR
  
  

5. The worm removes autostarting Registry keys of security and anti-virus software thus disabling this software or parts of it completely on next Windows startup.

6. The worm affects anti-virus checksum files and ingegrity checker databases with the following names:

 ANTI-VIR.DAT
 CHKLIST.DAT
 CHKLIST.MS
 CHKLIST.CPS
 CHKLIST.TAV
 IVB.NTZ
 SMARTCHK.MS
 SMARTCHK.CPS
 AVGQT.DAT
 AGUARD.DAT
 
 

7. The worm drops a new version of Elkern virus ("version 1.1" according to author's classification) that is also known as Win32.Klez.b. Please see Elkern description for more info, the link to it is on the top of this page.

8. The worm can corrupt binary executables and data files.

9. The worm contains the following text strings that are never displayed:

 Win32 Klez V2.0 & Win32 Elkern V1.1,(There nick name is Twin Virus*^__^*)
 Copyright,made in Asia,announcement:
 1.I will try my best to protect the user from some vicious
   virus,Funlove,Sircam,Nimda,CodeRed and even include W32.Klez 1.X.
 2.Well paid jobs are wanted
 3.Poor life should be unblessed
 4.Don't accuse me.Please accuse the unfair sh*t world
 
 

10. The worm has a complex payload routine. It works as a separate thread and constantly checks system date. If the month number is odd (1, 3, 5, etc.) and the date is equal to 6 then the worm proceeds further. It then checks if the month number is equal to 7 (July) or 1 (January) and sets a special flag if it is. Then the main payload routine is activated. It looks for all files on all local and network drives. If the month is not 1 or 7, the routine only affects files with the following extensions:

 txt
 htm
 html
 wab
 doc
 xls
 jpg
 cpp
 c
 pas
 mpg
 mpeg
 bak
 mp3
 
 

Otherwise all files are affected. The worm overwrites found files with random data thus destroying their content.

11. E-mail messages sent by Klez.e are composed according to really complex rules that makes possible of creating a large number of different messages. It can create sentences from different parts like:

 'The attachment is a very dangerous virus that spread trough e-mail.'
 'The file is a special dangerous virus that can infect on Win98/Me/2000/XP.'
 
 

Just like the other variants of Klez this one uses the Incorrect MIME Header (MS01-020) vulnerabilty to send attachments that are automatically executed when the message is opened. See the link to Microsoft security advisory above.

Recipients' e-mail addresses are collected from the Windows Address Book as well as from ICQ user databases. The worm uses it's own SMTP routines so it can send e-mail without an e-mail client.

Important Note: The e-mails sent by Klez.E worm often have faked sender's address. The worm randomly picks sender's address from web pages, ICQ databases or Windows Address Books. This means that if you get Klez.E worm in e-mail, it's quite likely that it was NOT sent to you by the person listed in the 'From' field of e-mail message (sender's address).

The worm can send itself in messages with one the following subjects:

	how are you
	let's be friends
	darling
	don't drink too much
	your password
	honey
	some questions
	please try again
	welcome to my hometown
	the Garden of Eden
	introduction on ADSL
	meeting notice
	questionnaire
	congratulations
	sos!
	japanese girl VS playboy
	look,my beautiful girl friend
	eager to see you
	spice girls' vocal concert
	japanese lass' sexy pictures
	
	

Also the worm sometimes sends messages pretending to be infection removal tools from a few anti-virus companies. For example:

	Subject: <virusname> removal tools
	Body:
	<virusname> is a dangerous virus that spread through email.
	<av_company_name> give you the <virusname> removal tools 
	For more information,please visit http://www.<av_company_name>.com

The &lt;av_company_name&gt; can be 'Symantec', 'Mcafee', 'F-Secure' or 'Sophos'. The &lt;virusname&gt; can be 'W32.Elkern' or 'W32.Klez'. Do not run attachments from such messages!

Also the worm can pretend to be a game, it can send itself (usually as SETUP.EXE or INSTALL.EXE) with the a message:

	This is a special humour game
	This game is my first work.
	You're the first player.
	I expect you would like it.
	
	

Sometimes the virus compares current date against a preset list of 10 different holiday dates. If the date matches, the worm will send an e-mail with a subject field such as "Happy Christmas", "Have a nice Christmas" or "Have a good Christmas". There are several variations on the exact subject field.

This only happens on one day per year for each of the holidays - for Christmas, Klez only tries to send these messages on 25th of December. Explanation for getting these messages before Christmas is simply that lots of people have their computers date set wrong.

The holidays are:

 New year (1st of January)
 Epiphany (6th of  January)
 Candlemas (2nd of February)
 Saint Valentine's Day (14th of February)
 Lady Day (25th of March)
 April Fools' Day (1st of April)
 Assumption (15th of August)
 Allhallowmas (31st of October)
 All Souls'Day (2nd of November)
 Christmas (25th of December)
 
 

Here are the screenshots of Klez.E worm as it arrives in e-mail:

12. The worm corrupts a lot of system files including DLL and VXD ones that often makes a system unusable after restart. The corruption happens because the worm tries to preserve the time/date stamp of a file it tries to infect and it saves this value into EXE file header without bothering to check if it's a PE, NE or LE header. So NE and LE headers get corrupted and a file usually becomes unusable after that.



Detection


Detection of Klez.E worm is available in the updates published on 17th of January 2002.



Description Created: November 2001 - January 2003
Technical Details: F-Secure Anti-Virus Research Team


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