Threat description




San is a worm written in Visual Basic Script.


Automatic action

Depending on the settings of your F-Secure security product, it will either automatically delete, quarantine or rename the suspect file, or ask you for a desired action.

More scanning & removal options

More information on the scanning and removal options available in your F-Secure product can be found in the Help Center.

You may also refer to the Knowledge Base on the F-Secure Community site for more information.

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Technical Details


The worm arrives in an infected message sent with Outlook Express. When it is viewed, by opening it or via preview pane, it first drops "loveday14-a.hta" to the Windows Startup directory in both Spanish and English versions of Windows.

When the system is restarted, "loveday14-a.hta" will be executed. Also the worm creates an infected "index.html" file to the Windows System directory.

Next it uses registry to replace the default signature of Outlook Express 5 with the "index.html" created above.

On that way every time when an infected user send an email message, the worm will embed its html code to this message.

Next the worm replaces the Internet Explorer start page point to a web page, that contains another worm VBS/Valentine.A@mm. These two worms download each other.

If the system date is 8thy, 14th, 23rd or 29th on each month, then VBS/Sun.A will destroy the infected system. It will delete all directories and their contents from the drive "C:".

In the place of the original directories, the worm creates a folder with the same name adding a string "happysanvalentin". On that way a directory with a name "My Documents" will become "My Documentshappysavalentin".

This worm has been available on a public web page in the Internet and it has been posted to several Usenet newsgroups. Even after the infected web page has been removed from the Internet, the worm is able to spread via Outlook Express.

This worm uses the same security vulnerability as JS/Kak.A@m. A fix and futher information about this vulnerability is available from Microsoft:

Further information about JS/Kak.A@m is available at:

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