Category: Malware

Type: Backdoor

Aliases: Rizo


Rizo is a family of IRC bot-based backdoors with network worm capabilities.


Automatic action

Once detected, the F-Secure security product will automatically handle a harmful program or file by either deleting or renaming it.

Network Disinfection

For general instructions on disinfecting a local network infection, please see Eliminating A Local Network Outbreak.

Knowledge Base

Find the latest advice in our Community Knowledge Base.

About the product

See the manual for your F-Secure product on the Help Center.

Contact Support

Chat with or call an expert for help.

Submit a sample

Submit a file or URL for further analysis.

Technical Details

Rizo malware can spread itself to remote computers with the help of an exploit. Unlike many other exploits that download a copy of malware from an already infected computer, Rizo's exploit downloads and runs a file from a website. Every time this website is accessed, a repacked variant is offered for download.

Rizo is a backdoor-worm that spreads within local networks and via the Internet. When it arrives on an infected computer it copies itself to the Windows System folder with the name ofwinlogin32.exe and creates several startup strings in the Registry:

  • [HKCU\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run]cpanel=%winsysdir%\winlogin32.exe
  • [HKLM\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run]cpanel=%winsysdir%\winlogin32.exe

Being active, the backdoor connects to the following IRC servers:


Then the malware joins an IRC channel named #!v21! using the password 'tn10a4' without quotes. The port for connection is 8008.

The Rizo backdoor-worm can do any of the following:

  • Download and run files
  • Scan for vulnerable computers and spread to them
  • List and terminate processes
  • Join and part IRC channels, change nicks, change server
  • Send current IP address to a hacker
  • Report bot uptime to a hacker
  • Create remote command shell
  • Delete files
  • 'Call home' by accessing the website

The URL above can be also used to upgrade the copy of the backdoor. At the moment the page contains only the text string 'EMPTY'.

The exploit in the backdoor's body is partially encrypted. When sent over to a target computer, the exploit decrypts itself (simple XOR 0x99 operation), resolves several APIs, downloads a file to the Windows System folder from the website and runs it. The name of the downloaded file is a.exe.