Threat description


Category: Malware
Type: Worm
Platform: W32


Gibe is a mass-mailing worm written in Visual Basic. It disguises itself as a Microsoft security update.


Automatic action

Depending on the settings of your F-Secure security product, it will either automatically delete, quarantine or rename the suspect file, or ask you for a desired action.

More scanning & removal options

More information on the scanning and removal options available in your F-Secure product can be found in the Help Center.

You may also refer to the Knowledge Base on the F-Secure Community site for more information.

Contact Support

F-Secure customers can request support online via the Request support or the Chat forms on our Home - Global site.

Technical Details

The worm usually arrives as an attachment named Q216309.exe to the following message:

From: Microsoft Corporation Security Center]  To: Microsoft Customer  Subject: Internet Security Update  Attachment: q216309.exe  Microsoft Customer,  this is the latest version of security update, the update which  eliminates all known security vulnerabilities affecting Internet  Explorer and MS Outlook/Express as well as six new  vulnerabilities, and is discussed in Microsoft Security Bulletin  MS02-005. Install now to protect your computer from these  vulnerabilities, the most serious of which could allow an  attacker to run code on your computer.  Description of several well-know vulnerabilities:  - "Incorrect MIME Header Can Cause IE to Execute E-mail  Attachment" vulnerability. If a malicious user sends an affected  HTML e-mail or hosts an affected e-mail on a Web site, and a  user opens the e-mail or visits the Web site, Internet Explorer  automatically runs the executable on the user's computer.  - A vulnerability that could allow an unauthorized user to learn  the location of cached content on your computer. This could  enable the unauthorized user to launch compiled HTML Help (.chm)  files that contain shortcuts to executables, thereby enabling  the unauthorized user to run the executables on your computer.  - A new variant of the "Frame Domain Verification" vulnerability  could enable a malicious Web site operator to open two browser  windows, one in the Web site's domain and the other on your  local file system, and to pass information from your computer to  the Web site.  - CLSID extension vulnerability. Attachments which end with a  CLSID file extension do not show the actual full extension of  the file when saved and viewed with Windows Explorer. This  allows dangerous file types to look as though they are simple,  harmless files - such as JPG or WAV files - that do not need to  be blocked.  System requirements:  Versions of Windows no earlier than Windows 95.  This update applies to:  Versions of Internet Explorer no earlier than 4.01  Versions of MS Outlook no earlier than 8.00  Versions of MS Outlook Express no earlier than 4.01  How to install  Run attached file q216309.exe  How to use  You don't need to do anything after installing this item.  For more information about these issues, read Microsoft Security  Bulletin MS02-005, or visit link below.  If you have some questions about this article contact us at  Thank you for using Microsoft products.  With friendly greetings,  MS Internet Security Center.  ----------------------------------------  ----------------------------------------  Microsoft is registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation.  Windows and Outlook are trademarks of Microsoft Corporation.  

It should be noted that due to bugs in worm's code this message might not be fully visible when it arrives on a recepient's system.

The body of the message describes a Microsoft vulnerability and tries to make the recipient click on the attached file.

This worm's file is 122880 bytes long and it is a dropper for several worm components. Being run, the worm's dropper outputs a dialog box asking a user if he wants to install a security update.

If a user clicks 'Yes', the worm shows the unpacking dialog with progress bar and in the end opens a messagebox informing that the update has been installed.

If a user clicks 'No' the worm installs itself too, but doesn't show any dialog or messageboxes.

The worm sets an infection marker so if it is run on an already infected system, then it shows the following message:

The following entry in the Registry is used as infection marker:

[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\AVTech\Settings]  "Installed" = "... by Begbie"  

When run, the worm drops several files to a system:

\%WinDir%\Q216309.exe		- a copy of a dropper  \%WinDir%\BcTool.exe		- the mass-mailing component  \%WinDir%\WinNetw.exe		- e-mail address searching component  \%WinDir%\GfxAcc.exe		- backdoor component  \%WinSysDir%\Vtnmsccd.dll	- a copy of a dropper  \%WinSysDir%\MSWinsck.ocx	- standard Winsock library  

where \%WinDir%\ is Windows root directory and \%WinSysDir%\ is Windows System directory.

The e-mail address searching component also creates a file with the name 02_N803.dat in Windows directory and stores all found e-mail addresses there. This file is then loaded by the main mass-mailing component and the worm sends itself to all found e-mail addresses.

The worm adds startup strings for its mass-mailing and backdoor components to the Registry. The following keys are created:

[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run]  "3DfxAcc" = "\%WinDir%\GfxAcc.exe"  "LoadDBackUp" = "\%WinDir%\BcTool.exe"  

where \%WinDir%\ is Windows root directory. This way both components are started during every Windows session.

To get rid of the worm it's enough to delete all its components from an infected system. If some components are locked while Windows is active, they have to be deleted from pure DOS (in case of Windows 9x system) or renamed with a different extension (EXA for example) with immediate system restart (in case of NT-based system). After restart the renamed components can be deleted.

Detection of Gibe worm was added into F-Secure Anti-Virus updates published on 6th of March 2002.

Technical Details: Katrin Tocheva and Alexey Podrezov; F-Secure Corp.; March 6th, 2002


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