The worm usually arrives as an attachment named Q216309.exe to the following message:
From: Microsoft Corporation Security Center
To: Microsoft Customer
Subject: Internet Security Update
this is the latest version of security update, the update which
eliminates all known security vulnerabilities affecting Internet
Explorer and MS Outlook/Express as well as six new
vulnerabilities, and is discussed in Microsoft Security Bulletin
MS02-005. Install now to protect your computer from these
vulnerabilities, the most serious of which could allow an
attacker to run code on your computer.
Description of several well-know vulnerabilities:
- "Incorrect MIME Header Can Cause IE to Execute email
Attachment" vulnerability. If a malicious user sends an affected
HTML email or hosts an affected email on a Web site, and a
user opens the email or visits the Web site, Internet Explorer
automatically runs the executable on the user's computer.
- A vulnerability that could allow an unauthorized user to learn
the location of cached content on your computer. This could
enable the unauthorized user to launch compiled HTML Help (.chm)
files that contain shortcuts to executables, thereby enabling
the unauthorized user to run the executables on your computer.
- A new variant of the "Frame Domain Verification" vulnerability
could enable a malicious Web site operator to open two browser
windows, one in the Web site's domain and the other on your
local file system, and to pass information from your computer to
the Web site.
- CLSID extension vulnerability. Attachments which end with a
CLSID file extension do not show the actual full extension of
the file when saved and viewed with Windows Explorer. This
allows dangerous file types to look as though they are simple,
harmless files - such as JPG or WAV files - that do not need to
Versions of Windows no earlier than Windows 95.
This update applies to:
Versions of Internet Explorer no earlier than 4.01
Versions of MS Outlook no earlier than 8.00
Versions of MS Outlook Express no earlier than 4.01
How to install
Run attached file q216309.exe
How to use
You don't need to do anything after installing this item.
For more information about these issues, read Microsoft Security
Bulletin MS02-005, or visit link below.
If you have some questions about this article contact us at
Thank you for using Microsoft products.
With friendly greetings,
MS Internet Security Center.
Microsoft is registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation.
Windows and Outlook are trademarks of Microsoft Corporation.
It should be noted that due to bugs in worm's code this message might not be fully visible when it arrives on a recepient's system.
The body of the message describes a Microsoft vulnerability and tries to make the recipient click on the attached file.
This worm's file is 122880 bytes long and it is a dropper for several worm components. Being run, the worm's dropper outputs a dialog box asking a user if he wants to install a security update.
If a user clicks 'Yes', the worm shows the unpacking dialog with progress bar and in the end opens a messagebox informing that the update has been installed.
If a user clicks 'No' the worm installs itself too, but doesn't show any dialog or messageboxes.
The worm sets an infection marker so if it is run on an already infected system, then it shows the following message:
The following entry in the Registry is used as infection marker:
"Installed" = "... by Begbie"
When run, the worm drops several files to a system:
\%WinDir%\Q216309.exe - a copy of a dropper
\%WinDir%\BcTool.exe - the mass-mailing component
\%WinDir%\WinNetw.exe - email address searching component
\%WinDir%\GfxAcc.exe - backdoor component
\%WinSysDir%\Vtnmsccd.dll - a copy of a dropper
\%WinSysDir%\MSWinsck.ocx - standard Winsock library
where \%WinDir%\ is Windows root directory and \%WinSysDir%\ is Windows System directory.
The email address searching component also creates a file with the name 02_N803.dat in Windows directory and stores all found email addresses there. This file is then loaded by the main mass-mailing component and the worm sends itself to all found email addresses.
The worm adds startup strings for its mass-mailing and backdoor components to the Registry. The following keys are created:
"3DfxAcc" = "\%WinDir%\GfxAcc.exe"
"LoadDBackUp" = "\%WinDir%\BcTool.exe"
where \%WinDir%\ is Windows root directory. This way both components are started during every Windows session.
To get rid of the worm it's enough to delete all its components from an infected system. If some components are locked while Windows is active, they have to be deleted from pure DOS (in case of Windows 9x system) or renamed with a different extension (EXA for example) with immediate system restart (in case of NT-based system). After restart the renamed components can be deleted.
Detection of Gibe worm was added into F-Secure Anti-Virus updates published on 6th of March 2002.