Threat description




A new variant of the Dumaru worm family has been found in the wild on 24th of January, 2004.

Dumaru is a family of mass-mailing worms that feature various backdoors and data stealing features.


Dumaru-Y can be removed manually by performing the following steps:

  • 1, Delete the registry value:
    • HKLM\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run\load32
  • 2, Delete the files:
    • %SysDir%\l32x.exe
    • %SysDir%\vxd32v.exe
    • dllxw.exe
    • from the Starup Directory
  • 3, Restore 'system.ini' to
  • 4, Restart the computer

Technical Details

System Infection

Upon execution Dumaru.Y installs several copies of itself to the computer:

  • 'l32x.exe' to the Windows System Directory which is added to the registry as
  • 'dllxw.exe' is copied to the current users' Startup Directory.
  • 'vxd32v.exe' to the Windows System Directory which is added to the system.ini:
    Shell=explorer vxd32v.exe
Email Propagation

Dumaru.Y uses its own SMTP engine to send emails. The SMTP engine performs a direct name service lookup on the target domain so it does not depend on the infected computer's email server settings.

To collect email addresses the worm recursively searches through all the directories on the computer and looks for files that could contain email addresses:


Going through the list of collected addresses Dumaru.Y sends emails with infected attachments that have to following characteristics:

Subject: Important information for you. Read it immediately ! Body: Here is my photo, that you asked for yesterday.
 Attachment: myphoto.zip

Dumaru.Y contains several backdoor and data stealing components as payload.


Dumaru.Y installs an FTP server to TCP port 10000 which provides unrestricted FTP access to all the files on the infected computer.

On port 2283 a TCP forwarding proxy is listening which can be used by remote attackers to initiate connections through the infected computer.

Data stealing

Dumaru.Y - just like it's earlier variants - comes with capabilities to steal sensitive user data:

  • clipboard data
  • Protected Storage Data
  • User credentials and key log data of visits to www.e-gold.com

The collected data is sent to a predefined email address.


Detection in F-Secure Anti-Virus was published on January 24th, 2004 in update:

Detection Type: PC

Database: 2004-01-24_01

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