Dumaru is packed with an unmodified version of UPX. The unpacked size of the worm is 20480 bytes.
When first run the worm infects the system by placing several of its copies in the system.
One copy goes to the System Directory as 'load32.exe' which is added to the registry as:
Another copy of the worm is placed to the Windows Directory using the file name 'dllreg.exe' and added to 'win.ini' as follows:
Third one is copied to System Directory as 'vxdmgr32.exe' which is registered to 'system.ini':
The backdoor is dropped to the Windows directory as 'windrv.exe'and started. This file is detected by F-Secure Anti-Virus as Backdoor.Small.d.
Dumaru uses its own SMTP engine to send emails with infected attachments. The worm searches for email addresses on all drives recursively in files with the following extensions:
Using its SMTP engine Dumaru sends infected emails to the addresses it collected. The infected emails have the following appearance:
From: "Microsoft" [firstname.lastname@example.org]
Subject: Use this patch immediately !
Dear friend , use this Internet Explorer patch now!
There are dangerous virus in the Internet now!
More than 500.000 already infected!
The email addresses the worm collects are written to a file called 'winload.log' in the Windows Directory.
If the infected system is installed on NT Filesystem Dumaru tries to infect EXE files with a companion method using the streams feature of NTFS. The original file content is copied to 'filename.exe:STR' stream and the file 'filename.exe' is overwritten with a copy of the virus. When 'filename.exe' is invoked the worm executes 'filename.exe:STR' instead.