An Overview of ZigBee Networks

Matt Hillman, Principal Security Researcher
January, 2015

A guide to the Zigbee standard for implementers and security testers.

ZigBee is a standard for low-power Wireless Personal Area Networks (WPANs), which is to say wireless networks with a short range, typically 10-100 meters.

ZigBee is commonly used for wireless control and monitoring applications such as wireless sensor networks (WSNs), industrial plant monitoring, building control, hospitals, smart metering and home automation.


Produced by the F-Secure Operational Technology Security practice, this useful whitepaper covers the following:

  1. What is ZigBee?
  2. How Does ZigBee Operate?
    • The ZigBee Stack
    • ZigBee Node Types
    • ZigBee Network Topology
    • Addressing and Identity in a ZigBee Network
    • How ZigBee Messages Propagate
    • Encryption, Integrity and Authentication

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