Threat Description

Mare.D

Details

Aliases: Mare.D, Net-Worm.Linux.Mare.d, Linux.Plupii.C, Unix/ShellBot.C
Category: Worm
Type:
Platform: W32

Summary



Mare.D is a network worm that propagates by exploiting vulnerabilities in the Mambo content management system and the PHP XML-RPC library. The worm installs several backdoors to the compromised system.



Removal



Automatic Disinfection

Allow F-Secure Anti-Virus to disinfect the relevant files.

For more general information on disinfection, please see Removal Instructions.



Technical Details



The main component of the Mare.D worm is written in C and compiled with the GNU C compiler. Mare.D consists of several components, written in C, shell script and Perl.

Propagation

Mare.D scans random hosts for vulnerable installations of the Mambo content management system and PHP XML-RPC.

Exploiting these vulnerabilities the worm downloads a small shell script that installs the rest of the components:

  • /tmp/.temp/cb - Connectback shell backdoor
  • /tmp/.temp/https - IRC-controlled backdoor
  • /tmp/.temp/ping.txt - Connectback shell backdoor
  • /tmp/.temp/httpd - Main worm component

Payload

During infection Mare.D installs several backdoors to the compromised system. Two of them, 'cb' and 'ping.txt' are connectback shell backdoors, that connect to a remote host on 8080/TCP and open an interactive shell on the infected host. The third one is an IRC-controlled backdoor, written in Perl, which joins an IRC channel an awaits commands.

The main component of the worm also listens on 27015/UDP port for commands from the worm author. Through this port the attacker can issue different commands, for example update of the main component.



Detection


Mare.D is detected with the following F-Secure Anti-Virus updates:
Detection Type: PC
Database: 2006-02-17_02



Description Created: Gergely Erdelyi, February 20, 2006
Technical Details: Gergely Erdelyi, February 20, 2006
Description Last Modified: Gergely Erdelyi, February 20, 2006


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