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Backdoor:W32/Haxdoor.M


Discovered:

June 15, 2006

Malware
Backdoor
W32

Summary

A remote administration utility which bypasses normal security mechanisms to secretly control a program, computer or network.



Disinfection & Removal

Automatic Disinfection

Allow F-Secure Anti-Virus to disinfect the relevant files.

For more general information on disinfection, please see Removal Instructions.



Technical Details

Backdoor:W32/Haxdoor.M can hide its presence (processes and files) on an infected system so that it can be only detected using either anti-virus with kernel drivers or a rootkit detector.This backdoor has spying capabilities and is used to steal bank-related information (logon and passwords for online bank accounts) and other information.Haxdoor.M also includes older Haxdoor functionalities.


Installation

When the backdoor is executed, it drops the following files in the Windows System32 folder:

  • pptp16.dll
  • pptp24.sys
  • qz.dll
  • qz.sys

Activity

Haxdoor is quite powerful and it is especially used to commit acts of economic fraud/theft, most of which are particularly targeted at Internet Explorer users. It targets several worldwide banks and financial services, both stealing account information and performing pharming.The following list is a sample of the banks included:

  • Alliance-leicester
  • Barclays
  • Cajamadrid
  • Deutsche-bank
  • E-Bullion
  • Firepay
  • Halifax
  • Lloyds
  • Mastercard
  • Paypal
  • Wellsfargo
  • Westernunion
  • Yambo Financials

The backdoor also features a generic mechanism for stealing account information.In addition to this, Haxdoor.M will redirect traffic from several security websites to a Microsoft website. The list of redirected URLs:

  • avp.ch
  • avp.com
  • avp.ru
  • awaps.net
  • customer.symantec.com
  • d-eu-1f.kaspersky-labs.com
  • d-eu-2f.kaspersky-labs.com
  • dispatch.mcafee.com
  • download.mcafee.com
  • downloads1.kaspersky-labs.com
  • downloads1.kaspersky-labs.com
  • downloads1.kaspersky-labs.com
  • downloads2.kaspersky-labs.com
  • downloads3.kaspersky-labs.com
  • downloads4.kaspersky-labs.com
  • downloads-us1.kaspersky-labs.com
  • downloads-us2.kaspersky-labs.com
  • downloads-us3.kaspersky-labs.com
  • d-ru-1f.kaspersky-labs.com
  • d-ru-2f.kaspersky-labs.com
  • d-us-1f.kaspersky-labs.com
  • engine.awaps.net
  • f-secure.com
  • ftp.avp.ch
  • ftp.downloads2.kaspersky-labs.com
  • ftp.f-secure.com
  • ftp.kaspersky.ru
  • ftp.kasperskylab.ru
  • ftp.sophos.com
  • ids.kaspersky-labs.com
  • kaspersky.com
  • kaspersky-labs.com
  • liveupdate.symantec.com
  • liveupdate.symantec.com
  • liveupdate.symantec.com
  • liveupdate.symantecliveupdate.com
  • liveupdate.symantecliveupdate.com
  • mast.mcafee.com
  • mcafee.com
  • my-etrust.com
  • networkassociates.com
  • phx.corporate-ir.net
  • rads.mcafee.com
  • securityresponse.symantec.com
  • service1.symantec.com
  • sophos.com
  • spd.atdmt.com
  • symantec.com
  • trendmicro.com
  • update.symantec.com
  • updates.symantec.com
  • updates1.kaspersky-labs.com
  • updates1.kaspersky-labs.com
  • updates2.kaspersky-labs.com
  • updates3.kaspersky-labs.com
  • updates3.kaspersky-labs.com
  • updates4.kaspersky-labs.com
  • updates5.kaspersky-labs.com
  • us.mcafee.com
  • virustotal.com

Additionally, the backdoor can steal the following info:

  • IMAP password
  • IMAP server name
  • IMAP user name
  • POP3 password
  • POP3 server name
  • POP3 user name

Registry

The HKLM modification allows the backdoor to start when a user logs on. It also sets to '0' the value EnforceWriteProtection under the key:

  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\CurrentControlSet\Control\Session Manager\Memory Management

thus disabling memory write protection for the computer. After this, it will start the following services that will also be automatically started every time that the system is booted:

  • MMX virtualization service
  • MMX2 virtualization service

Registry Modifications

Creates these keys:

  • HKLM\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Winlogon\Notify\pptp1
  • HKLM\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\SafeBoot\Minimal\pptp16.sys
  • HKLM\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\SafeBoot\Minimal\pptp24.sys
  • HKLM\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\SafeBoot\Network\pptp16.sys
  • HKLM\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\SafeBoot\Network\pptp24.sy


Detection

F-Secure Anti-Virus detects this malware with the following updates:
Database: 2006-06-15_01





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